Every person has a toothache at least once in a lifetime. But is this just a human problem, or does a toothache torment our smaller brothers? Scientists have figured out the answer to this question.
It turns out that animals suffer not only from toothache, but also from malocclusion, gum disease, as well as infections of the oral cavity.Do teeth hurt animals?
But if we humans can easily solve these problems by contacting a dentist and taking medications, then poor animals are sometimes doomed to certain death from tooth loss alone.Predatory animals can die due to tooth loss.
Why? Because a predator, for example, will have to abandon its usual food and switch to vegetation, which will immediately have a negative impact on its state of health, and the herbivore will have to leave its habitat in search of more tender foliage. There were times when tigers that lost their fangs became cannibals (i.e., they found more accessible prey).Some of the animals are forced to switch to unusual food for their species.
A greater number of mammals, like humans, undergo a change of teeth: milk, grown after birth, are replaced by molars. However, among this group there are non-toothed animals and whales - their teeth do not change. But in animals such as manatees and elephants, tooth loss and the growth of new ones occurs several times in life (teeth change as they wear). But here it’s not so simple: the last change of teeth at the elephant occurs at the age of 30 years, and if the animal continues to live for another couple of decades, it may well die from starvation, and not at the hands of poachers, because by the age of 50 chew food to this beast there will be nothing.Crocodile teeth grow as they grind.
But such mammals as rodents and hare-like, never suffer from the absence of teeth, because their incisors grow all their lives without ceasing. Why then do they not stick out from the mouth like fangs? Yes, because these animals constantly gnaw at their teeth, grinding them evenly.
Scientists conducted an experiment: they took a rat and did not give it the opportunity to sharpen its teeth ... after a certain time, the incisors of the animal grew to a meter long!
Wild mammals sometimes lose their teeth during hunting: when they try to crack especially large bones. But what about the teeth of pets? The most common problem here may not be tooth loss, but dental deposits (tartar). This problem arises from the consumption of softened food and the lack of complementary foods in the form of hard meat. Similar problems provoke severe pain in the gums, their bleeding and, as a result, tooth loss.
On this basis, such a field of veterinary medicine as veterinary dentistry arose. You can take your pet at any time for a routine examination to avoid problems in the future. By the way, animals living in zoos are also regular customers of the zoo-dentist.
Like humans, the animals learned to correct the bite, clean the stone and heal teeth.
Well, if everything is more or less clear about mammals, then what do we know about teeth, for example, reptiles and fish? Take, for starters, sharks. These predators certainly will never need implants, they have nowhere to put their teeth, because they grow throughout life, and also in several rows! For example, a white shark in its entire life changes about 30,000 teeth. As for crocodiles (representatives of carnivorous reptiles), they also have no problems with teeth: they grow all their lives, as the old tooth erases, a new one grows.Shark implants are useless.
It would be nice to borrow this natural ability from reptiles and us humans. Then the need for artificial jaws and implants would disappear. What can I say - even to the dentist could not go! Well, wait and see. In the meantime, follow the oral hygiene and do not run your teeth: both yours and your pets.Teeth of a bull shark.