The Bavarian vole belongs to the species of mammals from the genus of gray voles, the hamster family, and the order of rodents.
It lives on the territory of the Italian, Austrian and Bavarian Alps, from where its name came from. For living, he prefers wet meadows near streams with abundant grass, located at an altitude of six hundred to thousand meters above sea level. Animals are finicky to their habitat. Even if they settle in a forest strip, the area should be fairly open, and the overgrowths should not be too dense.Bavarian vole (Microtus bavaricus).
This is a small mouse-like rodent, the length of the body does not exceed ten centimeters. The tail of the Bavarian vole is always shorter than the carcass, from thirty-two to forty-four millimeters. The hind legs are usually between fifteen and seventeen millimeters long. Animals weigh from fifteen to forty grams. Outwardly resemble mice, but differ from them in a blunt muzzle, weakly expressed, almost to the tips hidden in the fur, ears (length from seven to twelve millimeters) and a shorter tail.
Body color is monophonic, more often gray than brown. Teeth - devoid of roots, constantly growing, alternating triangular loops are well distinguished on the chewing plane. In total, the Bavarian vole has sixteen teeth.
Rodents live in small burrows that dig in the soil. Animals are lonely, prefer to lead a social life in the dark. Bavarian voles feed on plants, grass, its tubers and roots.Little rodent - inhabitant of the Alps.
For the first time, animals were discovered in the German province of Bavaria and recognized as endemic to this territory. The population is in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and in Rofan, in northern Tyrol. Since then, Bavaria has been densely built up, and forests have been cut down in Tyrol. Since the beginning of the sixties of the last century, the rodent was considered extinct. All that remained of him was twenty-three museum exhibits.
Zoological scientists believe that in the destruction of flora and fauna man has become a much more dangerous factor than global climate change and geological disasters. Over the past five hundred years, due to deforestation, agricultural activities on habitats and nesting sites, barbaric hunting methods and environmental pollution, people have destroyed more than a thousand species.Bavarian vole is a small rodent.
At the end of the last century, the world scientific community considered the animal extinct, if for half a century it has not come to people's attention or its existence has not been fixed in any other way. However, starting from the year 2000, the criteria were changed - the animal was considered lost if its presence was not confirmed during a period that is consistent with the life cycle of the species and its features. Also, the frequency and intensity of attempts to detect it in a previously known habitat began to be taken into account.Bavarian voles belong to the genus of gray voles.
Not the last role in changing these criteria was the accidental discovery of the Bavarian vole in 20021. The species status of the animals was confirmed by genetic examination. But the population totals only fifty individuals. Nevertheless, in order to determine the exact size of the livestock and to clarify the status (endangered or endangered), additional studies are required.Scientists are not able to accurately determine the abundance of this species.
Over the past decade, sixty-seven species that have been recognized as extinct have been re-discovered. Bavarian vole, a small rodent, despite its size, is still an important link in the eco-system. The disappearance of any, even the most insignificant member of the community, can cause a number of irreversible consequences. Which, in turn, will inevitably affect other, previously prosperous, species of plants and animals.