Seahorse Japanese: atypical fish

The Japanese seahorse (Hippocampus japonicus) lives in the Sea of ​​Japan. Lives in thickets of marine plants, reaches a length of 10-12 centimeters.

Often, seahorses decorate aquariums. They are capable of making low sounds, with a range of 500-4800 hertz, similar to the clicking of fingers.

Seahorse (Hippocampus).

These clicks are single or flash-like, especially pronounced during mating games, and probably serve as something in the manner of serenades for darlings or duets.

In all the seas of the world as a whole, there are only 32 species of these lovely marine inhabitants, two of which live in the seas washing the coast of Russia. Japanese horse - in the Sea of ​​Japan, Black Sea horse - in the Black and Azov Seas. Both of these species, miniature in size, have a very durable “protective” mimicrically painted carapace. They look very modest next to the rag-horse, a resident of the warm seas, which has luxurious long growths throughout the body, designed to mask.

The genus of seahorses has several dozen species.

The appearance of the skate is very bizarre. His head is fixedly attached to the body at an angle of 90 degrees, but this “design flaw” is more than compensated by eyes that rotate independently of one another, allowing you to see objects in different places.

In our country, seahorses live in the Black and Japanese Seas.

This cute "horse" swims and holds his body vertically, moving in the water decently and nobly. Charm is added to her by a dorsal fin similar to a horse’s mane smoothly developing. A flexible tail twisted by a spring is pulled up to the abdomen and serves as a reliable fastening of the ridge on the stems of algae, among which he rests and hunts. The horse sucks his prey with a stigma "vacuum cleaner". The aiming range of such a natural device is approximately 4 centimeters, and this is not small considering the maximum possible size of the ridge is not more than 20 centimeters.

Seahorses - owners of a completely unusual appearance for fish.

A remarkable feature of seahorses is the process of reproducing offspring. One or more often several females lay, or rather put eggs in a bag located on the abdomen of the male and all subsequent chores about the offspring fall solely on the shoulders of a caring dad. The daddy horse fertilizes and carries caviar in a bag until the moment when the already viable babies fall into the wild.

The size of the average individual seahorse.

Such careful care minimizes all dangers and is justified, since the number of eggs is not large, only 20-200 pieces. This is negligible compared to, for example, the brood of a distant cousin of the ridge, the golomyanka, which lays several thousand eggs. During courtship courtship males not only “sing”, but also perform something reminiscent of a dance in front of their chosen ones. Such a freakish marine resident.


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