Singil is a member of the mullet family. Latin name Mugil auratus. It lives in the coastal waters of North-West Africa and Western Europe, starting from Morocco and ending with England and Norway, and also in the Azov, Black and Mediterranean Seas.
This fish was also acclimatized in the Caspian. Its length reaches 20-40 cm, in some cases even 52 cm.
Singil is a flock of fish that can develop high speed and jump out of the water if someone or something scares it. Goes to sea for wintering, walks near the coast, can go into estuaries and lagoons. The main nutrition of singyl is detritus and fouling. The spawning period occurs in the fall, and it takes place in the open sea. Caviar is floating. This fish has commercial value. She is bred in mullet farms, which are created in lagoons fenced off from the sea.Singil (Liza aurata).
Singil is one of the five species of mullet that live in the basins of the Azov and Black Seas. Three types of mullet have commercial value. This is the singil described by us, as well as the pointed and loban. Singil is the most numerous among other mullet. This is confirmed by the composition of catches in which this fish is from 75 to 80 percent. Ostronos is in second place, its share is 20 percent, and in last place is loban - only 5 percent. In general, mullets occupy a large place in marine fishing. Each year, the catch of these fish in the world is more than 200 thousand tons.Singil is a commercial fish.
Singiles are pelagic schooling flocks. Most preferred for them is the coastal zone. Their annual life cycle is accompanied by constant migrations, during which they either go for feeding to the shores and estuaries, or go to the open sea for spawning or wintering. In the Sea of Azov, mullet begins to migrate in early spring - March-April. This wave of migration is ending by the end of June. During this period, singyls actively go for feeding in the northern reaches of Sivash, where in shallow water they feed on fouling and detritus. Then, mature producers leave the shallow bays and estuaries for spawning at sea. After spawning, the fish again return to the shores in order to walk up before wintering.Singil is a native of the Black and Azov Seas.
Singil is a thermophilic fish, therefore, for wintering, it chooses deep bays along the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea, the southern coast of Crimea, Turkey and Bulgaria, which are well protected from cold winds.Singil is a flock of fish.
Blueigles reach puberty by 3-4 years of life. Moreover, in males, this maturation occurs faster than in females. As a rule, males are smaller than females. Both females and males participate in spawning every year. In one female, the number of eggs can be from 0.45 to 2.3 million. The juvenile first year of life mainly remains in the area of spawning and remains for the winter in the open sea, so during it many young of the year die. It was found that only 10 percent of juveniles survive after the first wintering.Fisheries are putting the singlet population at risk.
Unfortunately, the population of synil is decreasing every year. This is due to the harsh conditions of survival in nature, as well as the barbaric fishing of this fish. If this continues further, this species will be in danger of complete extinction.Singil needs protection.
And although the number of Black Sea mullet begins to recover, measures to comply with the rules of fishing cannot be weakened. Only in this way can this valuable commercial fish be preserved.