Haplochromis burtoni: how to carry offspring in the mouth?

Haplochromis burtoni - aquarium fish class bone. In nature, they live throughout Central and East Africa.

These fish are very small in size - their body length reaches only 12 centimeters.

A feature of fish of this species is that they hatched eggs and hatched larvae in their own mouth.

Males attract females with their brighter color. To do this, they use a trick - they put an anal fin in front of the female, on which several (about 5-7) orange spots with a black border, which are very reminiscent of caviar, are painted.

The female falls on this bait and swims to the male to pick up eggs in his mouth, and as a result collects milk. After this, the females immediately place eggs on a solid substrate of eggs and immediately hide them in their mouths. The female wears eggs in the throat, which stretches out like a sack. In the throat, the eggs are fertilized. Spawning time can last one and a half hours.

Haplochromis burtoni (Astatotilapia burtoni).

After spawning, the female seeks refuge. At this point, you need to carefully catch it and put it into a separate aquarium. Eggs develop over about 20 days, while the water temperature should be 25-27 degrees. In addition, water must meet the following requirements: dKH 2 °, pH 7.0, dGH 10 °, but slight deviations are allowed.

In nature, these fish are almost gone.

Quite independent fry emerge from the mother’s mouth, but they return to their usual shelter for a few more days at night or if they are in danger. Growing fry is not difficult. They are fed with small cyclops, brine shrimp, uncut tubule. And older fish can be fed a larger feed. Young growth is very voracious, so it grows rapidly.

Haplochromis are unusual aquarium fish.

Haplochromis burtoni are unfriendly. The males are especially pugnacious. Therefore, they try to keep them in aquariums with a volume of not less than 200 liters, in which about four females per male.

Haplochromis burtoni are unfriendly.

At the bottom there should be a large number of shelters. In large aquariums, haplochromis bourtoni can be kept together with similar species that have similarities in behavior and lifestyle. A similar species is A. desfontainesi. Males of this species have numerous specks on the anal fin. Also similar is the species Thoracochramis wingati. Representatives of this species also have specks on the fin, but without a border.

These aquarium fish are characterized by bright colors.

Burtoni haplochromis is fed with earthworms, chimney sweeps, insect larvae, small fish and pieces of beef.

Today, African fish are dying. The reason for this is poaching and the use of poisons and cyanides.

Watch the video: Haplochromis burtoni sauvage (April 2020).

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