Features and history of the rescue dog
Devoted to man, representatives of the canine kind are by nature called to serve the owners in exchange for their warmth, care and affection. This has been the case since the time when a wild animal, akin to a wolf and about the size of a jackal, relentlessly followed the primitive hunter to enjoy the leftovers from its prey.
And getting tidbits, he became more and more useful to him, cleaning people's homes from food debris, freeing the environment from the disgusting smell of rot.
The descendants of the tamed beast, becoming attached to the owners with each generation, gradually took shape and acquired the features of modern dogs. Millennia have passed. Since then, wild dogs have established themselves not only as loyal allies, but also as hardy, strong guardian angels. So the first rescue dogs.
Using the four-legged servant, at first, for a successful hunt for wild animals, ancient people, seeking safety and comfort, eventually found a domesticated beast and other applications. Dogs scared away uninvited guests, licked the owner’s wounds and warmed him with the heat of his body in severe frosts.
Later, representatives of human civilization became pastoralists and farmers, but the descendants of the wolves continued their life together and brought new benefits. And the application for dogs was easily found, because they played the role of shepherds, guards and faithful companions.
From time immemorial, man and dog have supplemented one another. And if the first for survival traded high intellect, showing patron care in relation to his four-legged partner; the second had excellent hearing, excellent scent, fast legs, lightning fast reaction, sharp teeth and claws of the beast.
Invariably demonstrating a selfless love for the master, she saved his life not only in battles with enemies, but also during fires and floods; finding, pulled out of the snow blockages and collapsed buildings.
Due to its fantastic sense of smell, a devoted beast, capable of intuitively anticipating danger, could smell a person under a several meters deep snow and could smell the burning of fires in the forest for many kilometers from the scene.
Over time, when selecting the most capable specimens, artificially began to be displayed Rescue Dog Breedssuccessfully used to search and protect the lives of people in extreme situations, during natural disasters.
And this practice has proven to be very effective. Indeed, in those cases when tens and hundreds of bipeds acted unsuccessfully, they recalled about rescue dogs. And the four-legged creature had ten minutes to complete the task brilliantly.
Rescue Dog Breeds
Since ancient times, the shepherd has been a good friend and reliable defender of man. As you can see on a photo, rescue dogs from the representatives of this common breed are also excellent. Assisting victims in the blood of these dogs from birth.
Along with the St. Bernard, which is easily trained and has considerable endurance, the shepherd is widely used as lifeguard dog in the mountains, especially in places covered with snow, where the abilities of a devoted animal are simply necessary. German and Belgian shepherd dogs Malinois are considered selfless defenders and assistants of the person in difficult situations.
Small size spaniel dogs are great for finding people in the rubble after earthquakes and during fires, as they have a wonderful scent and can even crawl through narrow crevices. They are hardy, efficient, and odors for them are not an obstacle in the search for goals.
The best rescue dogs on the water Newfoundlands are rightfully considered, also bearing the well-deserved name of "divers." They are resistant to cold and feel great even in icy water.
The membranes between the paws, the arrangement of the ears and eyes allow them to swim tens of kilometers tirelessly and dive to great depths. Without thinking, they rush into the water in the blink of an eye, even at the slightest suspicion that a person is drowning.
A very hardy dog, extremely smart, easily trained and obedient is the Labrador Retriever. Such dogs not only serve as rescuers, but also guide dogs.
Dobermans specialize in tracing people in difficult conditions, helping in extreme situations. Rottweilers are service dogs and wonderful sappers. There are many other breeds with amazing rescue skills.
Today, like many centuries ago, a man and a dog need each other. Many things are known when rescuers rescued a dog, for various reasons, abandoned and become an unnecessary burden for the owner.
And such dogs, in turn, successfully trained and carried out many years of devotional service, returning to life a variety of people, became talented rescuers, receiving medals and incentives.
Rescue Dog Training
Rescue Dog Training requires endurance and understanding from the owner. And from animals, for successful training, obedience and patient work are needed to develop technical skills in finding, finding and saving people. Four-legged servants are taught to overcome obstacles, climb stairs, and also develop skills for safe movement among the ruins.
There are many areas of study. The dog’s guide also has to learn to provide first aid to the injured, to handle the map and compass. He learns the rules of behavior, learns to quickly assess the situation at the scene of disasters. And during the training course, an annual exam is taken.
The execution of commands at the rescue dog is brought to automatism with a gradual transition from simple to complex. And soon, the acquired skills turn into a conditioned reflex. Behaviors are first developed, then fixed in accordance with strict training rules.
The wonderful scent and amazing endurance of thoroughbred dogs, inherited from nature and as a result of thousands of years of artificial selection, are not at all the only qualities that four-legged rescuers should have.
Specially trained dogs learn how to give a voice that serves as a signal for people when searching for victims and detecting suspicious odors. And it’s not so simple. First of all, it is necessary that the animal be socialized accordingly, even if it is distinguished by a good-natured disposition and complaisance.
What can a rescue dog do?
Bloodhounds specialize in tracing missing people and saving them in critical situations. They are obliged to perfect, even in pitch darkness and in bad weather, in a short time to search a variety of territories, including moving over rough terrain; to search for rubble and debris arising from dam breaks, fires, explosions due to gas leaks, floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters.
Rescue dogs must be able to work without a collar and a leash in difficult terrain, equipped with special devices. A trained animal cannot be frightened by the smell of gas, fire and smoke, react to noise.
To find the drowned, brave dogs need to be able to act independently, swimming; as well as being with people in the boat, locate the victims under water.
Natural strength, strong physique, and physical fitness are also crucial. The rescue dog should not be confused by frosts and unbearable heat, extreme stressful situations and psychological stresses associated with the suffering of people and their grief.