Peacock eye butterfly. Peacock eye butterfly lifestyle and habitat

Butterfly with the name of the peacock's eye

In this article, we will tell you how the butterfly in question differs and why it was so named. The name peacock eye this insect received from the Latin language.

In Latin, this name is written like this: nachis io. This name is translated into Russian as a daytime peacock eye. The butterfly belongs to the nymphalids family. In the family there are two common butterfly type peacock eye:

- butterfly daytime peacock eye;
- butterfly night peacock eye.

Pictured butterfly peacock night

Features and habitat of the peacock eye butterfly

Representatives of the specified family differing in average sizes and small wingspan: from 25 to 180 mm. The presented size is average for the whole species, but for each sex of butterflies it is different:

- the wingspan of males is from 45 to 55 mm;
-wingspan of females from 50 to 62.

However there is butterfly large peacock eye, the wingspan of which reaches 15 cm. In addition to its small size, the butterfly has other differences among the representatives of its species. One of these differences is the uneven edge of the wings: basically they have an angular shape and ragged edges.

Pictured butterfly is a large peacock eye

The color scheme also makes it stand out from the rest. The colors shown on the wings are vibrant and create a pattern identical to the image on the peacock's tail. The following colors are included in the general coloring of the butterfly:

-black - this is how the body and the pattern on the wings are painted on the insect;
- red - the color of the gun on the body;
-red - the color of the wings;
gray-pockmarked - the color of the pattern on the wings;
-gray - the color of the pattern on the wings;
-blue-blue - the color of the pattern on the wings.

It is because of the listed wing color that the butterfly got its name. For a better overview, we offer you photo butterfly peacock eyewhere our insect is presented in a better light.

Besides coloring butterfly peacock eye and its size, the insect is characterized by a time of activity. Based on the name of the daytime peacock eye, we can safely say that she is awake in the daytime, unlike her relatives. We also note that this name butterfly distinguishes from other peacock eyes and from butterflies night peacock eyewith whom she is often confused.

Butterfly peacock red eye

Based on the above information, it turns out that there are about 5 differences that will help any amateur lepidopterologist to recognize this species and admire it.

Also given peacock eye butterfly description helps a person to know it from thousands of other lepidopteran species. So, we examined the characteristics of the peacock eye butterfly, then we will indicate its habitat.

Classic place to live butterfly insect peacock eye Europe is considered, it is especially often noticed in Germany. But the activity of this species was noticed in places such as the subtropics of Eurasia and the Japanese islands.

The main range of its habitat:

-meadow;
-wasteland;
-steppe;
- forest edge;
-garden;
-the park;
-ravine;
-the mountains.

In addition to these places, we note that this species of Lepidoptera lives on nettles. In the listed places butterfly peacock eye can be seen from spring to mid-autumn.

In addition to the warm time of the day, this butterfly is active in the subtropic zone during the winter thaw. With the advent of winter, the insect hides in crevices on the surface of the tree bark, in the leaves. Having found shelter, she plunges into the phase of imago or sleep. A similar condition is characteristic of individuals who have reached adulthood.

Butterfly character and lifestyle

According to the name, the butterfly leads an active lifestyle only during the day. Most often, it can be seen in the thickets of nettles. This species is emigrating. Flights make in the spring.

Frequent flights take place in Finland. In this country, the southern and northern tribes of butterfly peacock eyes love to travel. Flights are made only in weather comfortable for insects, so the frequency of flights is directly related to weather conditions.

On the southern side of Europe, 2 generations of butterflies can live, each of which flies in due time. For example, the first generation flies from June to July or from August to September.

In winter, she likes to sleep in dampness and coolness, an example of such places is the bark of trees, haystacks and roofs. Cool temperature slows down the life cycle, and the butterfly can survive until spring. If an insect enters a warm place during hibernation, the risk of dying from old age during hibernation increases.

Peacock Eye Butterfly Nutrition

Due to the fact that the classic habitat of these butterflies is nettle, then caterpillar butterfly peacock eye eat it to her. In addition to nettle, the caterpillar can feed on hemp, willow, raspberry and hop.

In the process of eating nettle leaves or another plant, the caterpillar eats it completely to the base. She chooses each correct plant by means of touch, using this feeling when she is next to the stem of the plant.

In an adult butterfly, the diet includes:

a burdock;
-thyme;
- sap of plants;
nectar of garden flowers.

Of all these plants, the creature in question takes nectar, which feeds on the rest of its life. This distinguishes it from a butterfly, the peacock’s nocturnal eye, since the presented butterfly feeds all its life only with stocks that were made by a caterpillar.

Reproduction and longevity

The butterfly, like all its relatives, reproduces with the help of caterpillars. However, we consider all the steps in order. First, the butterfly wakes up from hibernation and lays eggs on the back of a leaf of dioecious or burning nettle. Egg laying takes place from April to May. One generation accommodates consists of 300 individuals.

Starting in May and for the next four months, the peacock eye lives in the form of a caterpillar. The caterpillar of this species of butterflies is black with white patches.

All caterpillars during this stage are inseparable, but after four months, that is, at the end of August, each of them is separated from the rest in order to start weaving its cocoon, which will later become a repository for the chrysalis and, subsequently, the butterfly. After weaving the cocoon, the butterfly immerses in the next phase of the “chrysalis”, where it spends 14 days.

At this stage, the caterpillar attaches itself to the stem of the plant, changing the color to a protective one. The protective color may be green, brown or another color that prevails in the plant.

Pictured is a butterfly caterpillar peacock eye

The next stage of the “butterfly” depends on the temperature at which the pupa was kept. It is the increase or decrease in the degree that affects the shape of the future butterfly.

Noting the life span, we indicate that in males of females it differs. Males, emerging from hibernation closer to June, can live all summer: dying at the end of August. Females, unlike males, capture the middle of the fall season and live until October.

Watch the video: Butterfly Admiral and butterfly peacock. (April 2020).

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