The Tibetan mastiff is a fairly rare breed of dog today, belonging to the group of schnauzers and pinschers, molosses, Swiss cattle and mountain dogs from the Molossoid section and Mountain dogs subsection. One of the oldest working breeds, was used as a guard dog of Tibetan monasteries and as an assistant to nomads in the Himalayan mountains.
History of breed origin
Tibetan mastiffs were first mentioned in ancient times, but this breed is still surrounded by various legends and myths.. Marco Polo and Aristotle, as well as many other authors, praised the natural strength, mind and power of Tibetan mastiffs. Even the barking of such dogs is considered to be a unique and highly valuable pedigree trait. Many prominent dog handlers, including Martin, Yatt, Menen, Beckmann and Sieber, as well as Strebel and Bilandt, were simply fascinated by the origin of the Tibetan mastiffs and their place in the cultural heritage of Tibet, so they actively studied the breed.
It is interesting! The current opinion, according to which Tibetan mastiffs are the ancestors of all the breeds of the Molossian group, has not received scientific justification at the moment, therefore it is most likely erroneous.
The very first known Tibetan mastiff to reach the coastline of Western Europe - the dog, which was sent as a gift to Queen Victoria by Lord Harding. In the eighties of the nineteenth century, Edward VII brought a pair of dogs of this breed to England, and already in 1898 the Berlin zoo was replenished with the officially registered offspring of the Tibetan mastiff.
Description of Tibetan Mastiff
Dogs of this breed have a dense and even coat, so these animals are great for year-round outdoor use. The weight of an adult of this breed can vary between 60-80 kg with growth at the withers between 60-77 cm.
The breed standards of the Tibetan mastiff are represented not only by the general appearance and basic proportions, but also by temperament and movements, the coat and its color, height and weight indicators.
A thoroughbred animal has:
- a wide, heavy and strong head with several folds extending from the eye area to the corners of the mouth;
- a large, slightly rounded, well-filled and deep skull with a square end to the muzzle;
- well-developed lips that completely cover the lower jaw of the dog;
- strong jaws having a perfect and regular scissor bite;
- medium-sized, brown, quite wide apart, oval, very expressive eyes with tightly pressed eyelids;
- medium in size, triangular and hanging, falling slightly forward and lifting in a state of excitement with ears covered with short but soft hair;
- strong and muscular, arched, with a small suspension neck, covered with thick and mane-like wool;
- strong body with a straight and muscular dorsal region, as well as a wide and fairly flat croup;
- relatively deep, moderate in width chest area;
- medium in length, high set and loose on the dorsal region, fluffy tail;
- straight, with well-developed joint angles, forelegs covered with strong wool, having straight forearms, slightly inclined and strong metacarpals;
- powerful and muscular, with well-developed articulation angles and with strong hips, hind limbs, with well-bent knee joints, low-set and strong hock joints;
- rather long, strong, rounded and compact paws with characteristic arched fingers.
The Tibetan mastiff is characterized by strong, light and elastic movements, which have a very good push and reach. A dog of this breed has the ability to easily and quickly quickly overcome significant distances, while maintaining almost the entire volume of vital energy.
Qualitative characteristics of wool are more important than its quantitative indicators. The coat is hard and thick, with not too long integument, dense and quite wavy undercoat, which thins in the warm season. A thick mane is formed in the neck and shoulders with a thick layer of wool. The coat can be represented by several types of color:
- saturated black with and without tan;
- blue with tan marks and without;
- gold, from saturated fawn tones to a deep red color.
It is interesting! Often there are representatives of the breed with tan marks over the eyes, on the lower part of the limbs and on the tip of the tail.
All types of color should have maximum purity, and tan marks have a rich chestnut hue or lighter tones. Standards allow the presence of a white spot in the chest area and minimal white spots on the paws.
By nature and temperament, Tibetan mastiffs are quite calm and restrained dogs, combining not only impeccable security qualities, but also the ability to live in families with children. In relation to other dogs, mastiffs show relative friendliness, but they can give an adequate response to aggression. One of the main, important distinguishing features of this breed is represented by independence in relation to its owner. Bred for the purpose of protecting dogs, they prefer night wakefulness, so they can sleep off during the day.
Important! It is the watchdog destination that explains the certain isolation of the dog and its suspiciousness to strangers, so experts do not recommend starting a mastiff in the absence of experience in handling such a breed.
Tibetan mastiffs in terms of quick wit remind the Great Dane breed, therefore they are very smart, but quite often they can be stubborn. Such features will require the owner to be able to show undeniable leadership qualities, as well as a very good understanding of dog psychology.
The complete absence of strict discipline or a consistent process of training can cause unpredictability of the dog’s behavior, therefore it is extremely important to pay sufficient attention to the issues of socialization of the mastiff.
The average life expectancy of dogs of the Tibetan mastiff breed is approximately twelve years and is an excellent indicator, since the animal belongs to the category of large, experiencing serious stress in everyday life.
Tibetan mastiff content
To maintain physical and mental health, while maintaining the Tibetan mastiff, it is imperative to adhere to strict observance of several rules, including balanced nutrition, optimal indicators of physical activity, proper and daily care for the coat, constant communication and competent training. Dogs of this breed can be kept not only in a house or apartment, but also in open-air cages.
Care and hygiene
Thick attention of the mastiff, which is the real pride of this breed, requires increased attention and proper care. You should also provide the pet with hygiene of the eyes, ears, teeth and claws:
- shedding of the dog will require combing with special brushes three times a day;
- you need to bathe your pet a couple of times a year;
- if necessary, tangles or tangled lumps of hair are carefully trimmed;
- preventive brushing is carried out a couple of times a week, and when changing teeth you need to monitor the formation of the correct bite and the general condition of the gums;
- the claws are trimmed a couple of times a month by means of special claws;
- after a walk with a dog, you should inspect the paws and wash them with clean water, then wiping them with a soft cloth;
- the ears are cleaned with moist sanitary napkins to remove excess sulfur or dust;
- eyes are periodically washed with infusion based on pharmacy chamomile.
It is interesting! In order not to cause breaches of breed standards and contribute to its further development, it is advisable to contact nurseries or clubs specializing in the breed to select a worthy pair.
It is important to remember that the Tibetan mastiff grows up late, so you can use dogs older than three to four years in breeding.
Tibetan mastiff diet
Compliance with the proper diet and diet is one of the main conditions for the maintenance of the Tibetan mastiff. You can feed your pet with natural food or fully prepared dry and wet foods. It is strictly forbidden to mix such types of food.
The best option, according to experts, is to feed the dog with natural, natural products. A puppy at the age of 1-2 months must be provided with six-time feeding, in which the total daily amount of feed is distributed evenly. The main products are:
- lean meat, such as beef or turkey;
- thermally processed offal;
- dairy products, for example kefir, acidophilus mixture or cottage cheese;
- cereals: rice or buckwheat;
- boiled eggs in the amount of a pair of pieces in seven days;
- boiled vegetables, such as carrots, pumpkin or cabbage;
- fresh fruits, such as apples;
- vegetable oils: olive, corn, linseed, rapeseed or sunflower;
- dried fruits, cheese and raisins as a food promotion in the training process;
- various greens.
It is interesting! The total daily amount of food should be approximately three to four percent of the weight of the pet.
Vitamin-mineral dressings are added to the food, which, depending on the age and health of the dog, are prescribed by a veterinarian. From the age of two months to six months, the dog is transferred to a five-time feeding regimen, and the diet is supplemented by boiled sea fish without bones.
Diseases and birth defects
The breed Tibetan mastiff is characterized by the appearance of the following diseases of an infectious nature:
- nerve palsy;
- parvovirus enteritis;
- infectious hepatitis.
Through timely vaccination, it is possible to prevent the appearance of many problems with the dog's health and protect its immunity. Hereditary ailments include hip dysplasia, malignant tumors and allergies, as well as osteochondritis, bone degeneration and dermatitis. Any deviations from the established breed standards are considered to be shortcomings, the degree of which is determined by the level of severity.
Vices can be represented not only by physical non-compliance with the agreed standards, but also by the following deviations:
- light or excessively wrinkled head;
- sagging lips;
- the presence of a pronounced and clearly noticeable suspension;
- large or not high enough ears;
- light-colored eyes with a wide and open look;
- pigment deficiency, especially on the nose;
- barrel-shaped rib part;
- tail with a dense twist over the femoral part;
- stiffness and too heavy movements;
- growth below the minimum allowed by standards.
Disqualified dogs with aggressiveness or excessive shyness, having overshot or overshot foods. Disqualifying signs also include incorrect color. Dogs with obvious deviations from physical or behavioral standards are subject to mandatory disqualification.
Parenting and training
The Tibetan mastiff is a breed that requires proper education, and it is necessary to start socializing such a dog from an early age. The standard training of such a pet is presented:
- studying the general course of training.
A puppy in the process of socialization and education is able at times to show some stubbornness and aggression, which is due to the characteristics of the character and the presence of self-esteem in this breed.
Important! After imprinting, you should begin to socialize the dog, which helps to train the animal to react calmly to society and the world around it. Only a socialized animal can well learn the course of basic training commands.
Imprinting is the application of techniques by which the puppy ceases to be afraid of the owner and begins to trust him. Such classes at the first stage of education allow you to teach the dog an adequate attitude to society and the environment.
Buy tibetan mastiff
It is advisable to acquire a Tibetan mastiff on the recommendation of a club or in nurseries that have long specialized in breeding this breed and have managed to positively recommend themselves to dog breeders. Experienced breeders are able to give clear and competent instructions regarding the pet’s feeding regimen and its maintenance, including hygiene and preventative care.
What to look for
You need to acquire a puppy with full physical and mental health. If there are no good reasons for a special choice of a pet, then experts advise you to get the most well-fed, the most lively and most powerful puppy from the litter. It is important to remember that the adult female of the Tibetan mastiff breed always has slightly smaller dimensions than the dimensions of a male.
A good, thoroughbred puppy of the Tibetan mastiff should have a thick and fairly fluffy coat with a developed undercoat. The eyes of the acquired animal must be clear and clean, with no external signs of any disease or deviations from established standards.
Tibetan mastiff puppy price
The price of a purebred puppy depends on so many factors represented by the opportunity to participate in an exhibition career, pedigree parameters, parental origin, and also the natural type. In the capital's nurseries, the cost of a high-class mastiff boy can start from 100-120 thousand rubles.
It is interesting! At the 2014 fair, the most expensive one-year-old Tibetan mastiff was sold, which cost the acquirer from China a couple of million dollars, so he got to the pages of the Book of Records.
Adult Tibetan mastiffs from the "pet-pets" category in our country cost about 40-50 thousand rubles or a little more, due to the insufficiently high class and basic characteristics of puppies sold by domestic breeders.
For example, the average cost of pure-bred "extra-class" puppies sold in China can be 25-35 thousand dollars, and sometimes even higher. In China, the presence of a dog of this breed is an indicator of the high status and wealth of the owner.
Males of the Tibetan mastiff are larger and more courageous in comparison with females, possess luxurious coat and almost "lion's mane". Bitches are very loyal to the family, have a more subtle, richer and more complex psyche, therefore they display a sharp mind and quick wit in the process of education or training.
It is interesting! In the family, a Tibetan mastiff breed pet is involved in almost all common affairs and feels the mood of the household very well.
According to the owners of such dogs, the main character traits are represented by distrust of strangers and lack of aggression towards family members, restraint and ability to protect familiar objects or their owner, poise and calm. For no apparent reason, pets of this breed do not rage.. A large mastiff is able to easily take root not only in a small, but also in a large family, where it quickly and deservedly becomes a universal favorite.